Percula-clownfish is the most valued but after it’s strikingly-similar relative Ocellaris-clownfish which is popular because it is most-coveted, much-loving, and preferred in the world of aquarists
. Percula Clownfish, Orange Clownfish, Percula Anemonefish, Eastern Clownfish, Eastern Clown Anemonefish, Orange Anemonefish, and Blackfinned Clownfish are other frequent names for True Percula Clownfish. Despite the fact that true Percula clownfish appear to be nearly indistinguishable from Nemo clownfish, these fish have completely different natural-distributions with little to no overlapping.
This attractive Blackfinned clownfish is a superb tank-specimen for aquarists of all levels, from novices to specialists.
Background: Lacepede explained common clownfish in 1802.
Scientific Name: Amphiron Percula
Habitat/Range: They can be found in northern New Guinea, Vanuatu, New Britain, Solomon Islands, New Ireland, and throughout the Western Pacific, from Queensland and Melanesia to the north half of the Great Barrier Reef. They’re also native to Sulawesi, where they’re making a minor overlap with ‘Amphiprion ocellaris’. The IUCN Red List does not include this species.
Exhibits: These are found from North Atlantic to the Pacific for public display.
Percula-clownfish is usually orange in color, with three-white-stripes, and the middle one projects forward. The dorsal-fin contains ten (occasionally nine) spines. Dorsal-fin possesses a bend and apparently looks as, have two fins. The rounded-tail-fin inhibits eastern clownfish from being particularly rapid-swimmers.
Percula Clownfish Size:
These are smallest-clownfish around 3.2 inches (8.00 cm) in size.
Percula Clownfish Color:
They are of orange color (could be of different shades of orange) with three white bands that are lined by a black border. Their fins are also bordered.
Difference between male and female Percula Clownfish
Female-Percula is somewhat bigger than male-Percula. Eastern Clownfish have been successfully-grown in the home aquariums and raised as fry. At the time of birth, they are un-differentiated but they can change gender later-in-life when it is necessary. They will transform into juvenile-males as a result of social-signals, and once the time arises, the most-dominant-one will transform into a female-fish.
When you are going to keep a couple of true Percula, choose both in different-sizes, and later on bigger in size will convert to female and the other one remains little male.
Percula Clownfish Lifespan
These fish could live up to twenty years when living in captivity. Their females could live more than thirty years.
They eat live foods, such as some shellfish, plankton, small crustaceans, and algae growing on reefs. In entertainment settings, we feed them pellets, some live meat (tiny pieces of krill, shrimp, and smelt), and flakes.
Behavior and Temperament
Eastern clown anemonefish is a semi-aggressive specie. They thrive well in a reef-habitat, but also do their best in a fish-only setup, like all clownfish. With the growing age, would become grum
pier. They’re best maintained alone or in pairs. If these fish are housed without a sea-anemone, show a calm attitude towards other fish. But when housed with a sea-anemone, their degree of aggressiveness rises, although it remains lower than that of other clownfish.
Care level: Beginner/Moderate
This specie is free of the risk of extinction and also not-assessed for the IUCN Red List.
AQUARIUM CONDITIONS Percula Clownfish
Tank Set up for Ocellaris Clownfish
Tank size: At least ten gallons are required and if want to keep a pair, this should be twenty gallons. A larger tank is needed around the size of fifty-five gallons when keeping with a sea-anemone.
Suitable for Nano Tank: Yes, they could live well in a nano-tank but strict water-maintenance is necessary.
Tank Region: Top – If true Percula clownfish live a hosting anemone or coral they prefer to stay in the same area, but could also take a recirculating pump as a host and then will stay higher-up in the waters-column.
Tank Setup: The tank is decorated with live and artificial plants/marine-rocks/substrate of sand/crushed corals/fake reef inserts with the thickness of one to two inches. But it’s difficult to keep corals and you should have to maintain the tank firstly and it will take a long time to set up the tank for corals.
Tank Lightening: No special lightening is required but for keeping your clownfish with anemone, you’ll need strong-lighting and water-movement; bright lightening is essential to promote photosynthesis, and the powerful motion of water oxygenates the sea-anemone’s tissue while also assisting in the removal of waste-products.
Live Rock Requirement: Yes, in the absence of anemone, they will hide in a cave and secluded sections of rock-work.
Substrate Type: Any
Maintenance of the tank:
Daily: Do check the water-filter, water-temperature, specific-gravity, and all the other equipment placed in the tank.
Weekly: Do check water-quality one time a week necessarily.
Monthly: Change up to ten to twenty-five percent as per the total-volume of water every 2-4 weeks/when required. Gradual placement of new mates in the tank is also significant.
- Equipments and Tank setting
True Percula clownfish might be housed in a saltwater-aquarium/a small coral tank. Because eastern clownfish is the smallest-clownfish, a minimum volume of water is ten gallons that would suffice; however, ensure that the quality of water is maintained by doing regular water-changes.
It’s for a single clownfish. If you desire a couple, the tank size should be at least twenty gallons. If you don’t have an anemone, make sure there are lots of hiding spots, and don’t put it in an aquarium with belligerent fish. Whereas a host anemone is preferred and frequently replaced with a coral/other invertebrates/even a rock structure.
Clownfish don’t need an intense lightning system. With an anemone, the size of the tank should be at least fifty-five gallons and require a strong lightening system. Clownfish don’t need an intense lightning system.
Seawater is frequently recycled; however, this does not happen in a sealed tank. If the filter is not replaced frequently sufficient, waste material can accumulate in the aquarium. Biofilters are often used to purify water in the aqua by utilising beneficial microbes.
This species is found in coastal locations, where the temperature is usually around Eighty degrees Fahrenheit (26.7 degrees Celsius). The temperatures of water in a tank should be from 74° and 79° F (23° and 26° C). Extremes of temperature exceeding 90° F (32° C) or below 64° F (18° C) would be too much for them. Temperatures of 79°F to 83°F (26°C to 28°C) are ideal for spawning.
List of equipments that are essential for a saltwater aquarium:
- Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI)
- Power strip/surge protector
- Tank stand
- Bio-Wheel Filters
- Reverse Osmosis Unit or Deionizer
- Salt mix
- Digital pH Monitor
- Aquarium Photo Background or Paint the background
- Test kits
- Buckets, Towels, Rubber Gloves
- Trace Elements
- Aquarium vacuum
- Live Rock / Decorative rocks or coral
- Saltwater test kit
- UV Aquarium Sterilizers
- Powerhead and sweeper
- Protein Skimmer
- Salinity Meter
- Reverse Osmosis System (RO/DI Unit)
- WaveMaker and Power Head
- Algae Scraper
- Media Reactor
- Carbon and GFO
- Marine Fish
Percula Clownfish Water Parameters
Water parameters for blackfinnned clownfish are as mentioned below:
|Parameter||Suggested Level FO||Suggested Level FOWLR||Suggested Level Reef|
|Alkalinity||8-12 dKH||8-12 dKH||8-12 dKH|
|Nitrate – Nitrogen (NO3)||< 30.0 ppm||< 30.0 ppm||< 1.0 ppm|
|Phosphate (PO4)||< 1.0 ppm||< 1.0 ppm||< 0.2 ppm|
|Calcium||350-450 ppm||350-450 ppm||350-450 ppm|
|Magnesium||1150-1350 ppm||1150-1350 ppm||1250-1350 ppm|
|Iodine||0.04-0.10 ppm||0.04-0.10 ppm||0.06-0.10 ppm|
|Strontium||4-10 ppm||4-10 ppm||8-14 ppm|
Breeding Temperature: 79.0° F – The optimal temperature for good quality eggs and larvae occurs with temperatures of 79°F to 83°F (26.1°C to 28.3°C).
Water Hardness: 18 dGH
Water Movement: Water-movement should be amble to enable them to feed.
Water Changes: Water should be changed two times a week – Do the water changes of fifteen percent every two weeks or thirty percent a month. In the presence of corals in the aquarium, it should be five percent weekly to fifteen percent every two weeks, based on the size of the tank.
These are; I could say ideal parameters as per my knowledge, orange-clownfish could accept little variations and less-than-perfect conditions. These are helpful for those who want to keep clownfish as a hobby.
Compatibility: Community safe
Aquarium Hardiness: Very Hardy
Prone to Disease: No
False Percula Clownfish Feeding Guide
Feed: Frozen food, flaked food, and live foods
Diet: Both plants and animals (omnivore), and if you don’t have algae in the tank use products with Spirulina.
Flake Food: Yes
Tablet / Pellet: Yes
Live foods (fishes, shrimps, worms): Rarely give them some of the diet as live food – these could be given to the breeding-pair to prepare them for spawning and also to the wild-fish for helping them in acclimatization.
Vegetable Food: 10% of their diet
Meaty Food: 90% of their diet
Feeding Frequency: Several feedings per day – Feed adults twice a day and juveniles 3 to 4 times a day.
Common Clownfish tank mates
Compatible Other Fish:
Eastern clown anemonefish is a moderately-aggressive species. Percula clownfish, like most other clownfish, thrive in a coral reef setting, but would also thrive in a fish-only setting. They’re renowned for being grouchy as these become older.
These fish do well as a solitary fish or in a set, and would not accept others beyond this set. These would most likely-remain calm with certain other fish in the aquarium if housed with anemones. When they are housed with a sea-anemone, would be even more violent in defending it, but they are still rated semi-aggressive than most of the other clownfish types.
If you want them to be placed in a large tank setting, you’ll definitely require an anemone for their protection, or remember that they shouldn’t be housed with less or even more hostile fish.
Perculas could be kept with moderately violent fish such as tangs and wrasses when provided sufficient places to hide. These Clownfish should never be housed with any species from the Tomato clownfish, Clarkii or Maroon complexes as these are extremely violent toward certain clownfish and maybe even each other.
- Sea Anemone
- Pygmy Angelfish
- Yellow Tang
- Blood Red Fire Shrimp
- Hermit Crab
- Wrasse-Reef safe
- Banggai Cardinalfish
- Peppermint Shrimp
- Chromis Damselfish
- Royal Dotybacks
- Shrimps (e.g, Peppermint Shrimps and Harlequin Shrimps)
Non-compatible tank mates
These could be the worst tank-mates with Percula clownfish:
- Tomato (Ephippium), Maroon and other clownfish
- Sea horse/pipe fish
- Wrasse-fish only
Symbiotic Relationship with Sea-anemones:
Anemones don’t need to be introduced to your Clownfish. They’ll be just as delighted if there’s enough live rock for them to swim around in and hide in. Moreover, the Clownfish-anemone symbiotic interaction may be advantageous to the fish and make a distinctive show in your tank.
The anemones are similar for both Blackfinned Clownfish and Nemo Clownfish, thus whether you have both varieties of Clownfish in your aquarium and are attempting to pair up them, the anemone could be shared.
Percula clownfish are compatible with the following anemones:
- Entacmaea quadricolor, the Bubble-Tip or Rose Anemone (but only known in captivity, not on natural reefs)
- Heteractis magnifica, the Magnificent Sea Anemone
- Stichodactyla gigantea, the Gigantic Sea Anemone
- Stichodactyla haddoni, Haddon’s Saddle Carpet Anemone
- Stichodactyla mertensii, Mertens’ Carpet Sea anemone
Sea anemones are a worthy alternative to any saltwater tank but are more difficult to maintain. Blacfinned clownfish may go approximately twelve inches to its host while housed with a sea-anemone.
They usually don’t affect other clownfish in a similar aquarium, but you must leave a minimum of two feet among clownfish pairs. This type of set – up will necessarily require a tank that is of the right size for sea-anemones.
Percula clownfish are not associated with anemones mentioned below:
- Condylactis gigantea, Giant Golden Anemone
Condy Anemones (Condylactis gigantea) should be added with caution. They are Predator-anemones with high mobility. These are not “clown-hosting-anemones.” The sting of condy anemones is far greater than that of clownfish-hosting-anemones, and any clownfish dumb-enough to confront it risks being their prey.
Yes, they are reef compatible. Anemones are perfectly acceptable when living with the clownfish, in a coral reef system. Percula clownfish rarely harm corals, apart from taking algae from the base of a coral reef they’ve taken up as a host. Clownfish will have a rich realistic atmosphere and it’s because of the host-anemone.
Whereas most fish keep them away from the anemone’s stinging-tentacles for fear of becoming their meal, clownfish may spend long hours inside it. A Sea-anemones are a wonderful-addition to any coral reef tank, but they’re more difficult to maintain. If you want to retain a sea-anemone, ensure that its unique requirements are addressed.
Substitute hosts have also been reported, including:
- Large polyped stony corals (LPS)
- Filamentous Algae
- Xenia Corals
- Corallimorphs, Mushroom Anemones
- Duncan Corals (Duncanopsammia axifuga)
- Hammers Coral (s Euphyllia Hammer Coral or Anchor Coral)
- Toadstool Coral (Sarcophyton glaucum)
- Zoathids (Button Polyps, Sea Mats)
- SPS corals (Small polyp stony corals) – May adopt some species of soft coral as a host
- Gorgonians, Sea Fans
- Leather Corals
- Soft Corals (xenias, tree corals)
- Star Polyps (Pachyclavularia violacea)
- Organ Pipe Coral (Tubipora musica)
Non-compatible coral reefs:
- Amplexidiscus fenestrafer (Elephant Ear Mushroom)
They should be avoided. It’s been noted to kill and eat immature clownfish, so keep an eye upon it.
Predator Tank Compatible: No
Number to a tank: You could keep them a single or in mated-pairs but it’s great if you place only one pair at a time. Their aggressiveness rises with increasing the number of pairs in the tank.
How to Breed False Percula Clownfish?
Conditioning them for spawning: Blackfinned clownfish has been successfully raised and kept in captivity. At birth, all clownfish are indistinguishable for gender, but these are gender converters.
These transform into immature males in response to particular nonverbal interactions, and once the time arrives, a dominating clownfish will transform into a female. To make a set, acquire 2 distinct sizes, with the bigger serving as the female and the shorter serving as the male. They do not reproduce for the rest of their lives and will quit breeding some years earlier they die.
Pre-spawning Behavior: Percula clownfish spawn when the water temperature is between 79- and 83-degrees Fahrenheit (26 and 28 degrees Celsius). When the females and males are ready to mating, they clean patch of the rock near the sea-anemone intensively in preparation for the eggs to stick well.
Spawning Process: These shake their heads when standing on their head, meeting their dorsal-surfaces, or facing one another with their ventral-surfaces contacting.
Whenever the female is willing to lay the eggs, she nips the anemone and causes it to withdraw, revealing the mating site. The Female then will release her eggs, accompanied by the male, who would fertilize them right away.
Spawning usually lasts approximately two and half hours and occurs in between morning and afternoon. eastern True Percula clown anemonefish eggs range in quantity from sixty-seven to six hundred and forty-nine, with a mean of three hundred and thirty-one. On the eighth day, the eggs would hatch.
They might be a hatch in six to eleven days depends on the temperature. It normally happens at night, between one and one and half hours after dusk, then all of the larvae will mature within 2 hours, going into the surrounding water.
Protection of their eggs and Hatching: The larva that survives not being killed in the habitat or in the aquarium surviving fungus or other diseases becomes free-swimming as young clownfish within 8-16 days. They will then start searching for their protective anemone. While these fish are still forming in their ova, they recognize the host-anemone by 2 methods.
The first is a smell emitted by the anemone where they were placed/visual identification of their progenitors moving between the tentacles. The Amplexidiscus fenestrafer is considered to emanate aromas similar to some anemonefish, leading the immature juveniles to their deaths if caught in the grips of this gigantic mushroom.
These lay 300-600 eggs each nest in the tank. Adults breed once each month on average, but clownfish might reproduce as frequently as every three weeks. Eastern clownfish mature with a slightly slower pace than Nemo clownfish. These clownfish need a minimum of 7-8 months to reach 1.5 inches size, until that point, they could be planned to sell. Common clownfish will grow to such a size several months sooner.
Ease of Breeding: Moderate
To acclimate a clownfish, it’s a great practice to keep them in a deep-bucket so that they can’t able to crash out. Follow these steps:
- Take a deep bucket and put your clownfish in it.
- For the duration of about forty-five minutes, drip-acclimate with a speed of three drips/second. In this time, your fish accommodates the water parameters of the tank.
- When the fish completed this process of acclimatization, bring your fish gently by using a fish-net and putting it into the tank.
- Keep in mind, you don’t have to put water (of the origin of your fish) in the tank.
How do you keep common clownfish with care?
Most of us believe that keeping saltwater fish is complex and costly, but that’s not true, especially when you know the key that saltwater fish’s housing has evolved faster than any other leisure activity.
It’s easy to care for the true percula clownfish; simply feed them 2 3 times every day with either standard-marine-flake feed or frozen-mysis once in a while-shrimp. Also, make sure that you change the water every two weeks by ten percent. It’s incredible how simple they are to care for, even easier-than goldfish so it takes less work for changing the water and it happens less frequently! They’re not only easy-to-care for, but they’re also beautiful.
Because of its waddle-like-movement and inquisitiveness for swimming side-ways and up and down all-around aquarium and the water’s surface, the eastern clownfish seems to be more attractive to look at. Furthermore, contrary to most other reef fish, these don’t usually hide when a giant body (humans) approaches them!
- What could you do to keep away your Clownfish from getting sick?
They are strong and quite simple to care for. When given good water-conditions and a well-established aquarium, they thrive. Despite their tolerance for less-than-ideal quality of water, any marine fish exposed to it for an extended period of time will suffer illness and disease. Scheduled twice a week water-changes would also aid in the replacement of trace minerals wasted by the fish and corals.
Be careful if you notice the following symptoms:
- Strenuous breathing
- White-spots on the body
- Bulging eyes
- Reddish fins
- Frayed and ripped fins
Anorexia is frequently the first indicator. If your Clownfish refuses to eat something, explore the signs of other ailments earlier to start treatment. The other indicators are self-evident and will reveal whether ocellaris clownfish get sick.
Somewhat than subjecting the fish to the arduous work of being exposed to medication and distress, it is preferable to keep an eye on the symptoms.
These fish are often fairly tough; therefore, the disease is rarely an issue in a well-kept tank. But, if they do become ill, though, some conditions can be fatal. Clownfish are subject to similar diseases and conditions that other saltwater fish are, such as fungal, bacterial, parasitic, and other disorders.
When excellent water purity is not ensured, the temperature varies excessively, or the fish is agitated resulting from poor tank-mates, all marine fish would become unwell. A disturbed fish seems to be more vulnerable to illness.
Clownfish are especially susceptible to:
- Brooklynellosis, often known as Clownfish-Disease/Brooklynella hostilis (Brook)
- Cryptocaryon irritans, also known as Marine Velvet/Velvet Disease/White Spot Disease Crypt
- Uronema disease (Uronema marinum)
- and Oodinium ocellatum (Synonyms: Amyloodinium ocellatum, Branchiophilus maris)
These are mostly parasitic infections.
Crypt (saltwater Ich) is the easiest to cure, but they’re all manageable if found early enough. Marine Velvet is a parasitic skin-flagellate that is amongst the most frequent issues in saltwater aquariums. This is a fast-moving pathogen that attacks the gills principally. Brooks kills in thirty hours, while Uronema is among the fastest murderers, killing in as little as 24 hours.
Uronema is commonly acquired whenever a fishkeeper reduces salinity to cure another ailment but doesn’t go far enough. The above parasite grows in brackish-water with a specific-gravity of (1.013-1.020), which is ideal for it.
If you have an ailment, make sure to cure it at a regular salinity of approximately 1.023 or a lower salinity of around 1.009. For both salinity-ranges, Rapid Treatment and other thirty-seven percent Formaldehyde solution preparations will perform properly, however, the lesser 1.009 will aid with the oxygen concentration.
As the salt level will decreases, the proportion of oxygen in the water increases. “I discovered that when I used the right hyposalinity of 1.009, no greater when fighting Brook or Crypt, my clownfish seemed to breath better and would be less worried”… Carrie McBirney.
Disorders could be brought to your aquarium via corals, live rock, and fish that have not been adequately cleaned/quarantined. The easiest way to avoid this is to make sure anything you want to add to the tank is thoroughly cleaned/quarantined. Additional precautions to avoid sickness include providing high-quality diets, pure, high-quality water, and appropriate tank companion.
Difference between True Percula and False Percula
The difference between eastern and common clownfish is in four ways:
Black Borderline: A wider, more distinct black-border around the white bars. Apart from color, dorsal-fin is the most obvious difference between both of them.
Pectoral Fins: Blackfinned clownfish has ten (occasionally nine) and Peacock clownfish have eleven (occasionally ten) dorsal-spines. The dorsal-fin of the Ocellaris-clownfish is likewise taller at the forward-face. Moreover, Ocellaris’s pectoral-fin is higher in the back than Percula’s clownfish.
Eye colour: It’s another trait that distinguishes these two species of fish. The eyes of an eastern clownfish are black with a vibrant-orange ring around the pupil. The common clownfish, on the other hand, has brighter eyes with a tint of orange.
Distribution in the wild: Peacock clownfish is a wild-caught fish that can be seen in Southeast Asia and warm-waters off the coasts of Northern Australia. The Solomon Islands and the warm waters of New Guinea are habitats for eastern clown anemonefish.
Similarities between True Percula and False Percula
Physical Appearance: The fact is that so many individuals, including those who are clownfish owners for so long, misunderstand those same. These are unrecognizable at first look similar physical features.
Temperament: Furthermore, they exhibit comparable behaviors. Both of them are moderately-aggressive, sociable, and calm in nature. The Percula, on the other hand, is more aggressive than the ocellaris clownfish.
Symbiosis: Percula and ocellaris clownfish both host anemones in nature and have a symbiotic-connection with each other.
Diet: Both in the natural habitat and when keep in captivity, eat the same foods and need the same care.
Care: They’re both fairly simple to care for and make excellent beginner fish for the individuals who just getting started with saltwater and reef aquariums.
Types of False Percula Clownfish; Designer-Clownfish & Color Morph
They’ve been bred and come in a variety of “designer” colours, when living in captivity. While these kinds of designs could be seen in the natural habitat, tank-bred versions are the most prevalent. Here are some of them:
True Percula: The classic colour, which is usually more expensive than Misbars.
Misbar: They is an orange colour variant with three white bands that are either partially or completely absent. Either one of the bars or more doesn’t descend all the way up to the top to the belly button. Because of their low patterns, they’re usually the cheapest. Because of their low patterns, they’re usually the cheapest.
Picasso: Because no one of the white bands links, this coloration is inexpensive than that of the premium version, despite the reality that the white strips vary in a variety of forms and patterns, causing every fish fairly distinctive.
Platinum: The one and only black on this colour variation may be found on the tips of all the fins. The balances of the fins may or not be orange, however, the body completely is of white colour, without black stripes or even other patterns, and they may or may not have an orange-nose.
Snow Onyx: The Snow Onyx is a hybrid of a Common and Percula Clown anemonefish. The Snowflake is a variety of the Common-designer-clownfish. The center band is usually elongated as broad as the fish’s main-body, but not enough connecting from the front and back white bands. As a result, the impression is “snowy” or “whiter.”
There are additional wild variations with higher quantities of black, such as these;
Black Crest Percula Clownfish: This color-morph is the same as the original Percula clownfish, which could be seen in their natural habitat. The dorsal-fin among the first two white bands is completely black. There is no black posterior-fin on the typical Percula clownfish.
Black Percula Clownfish or Super Black Percula Clownfish: These clown fish are also seen in nature, but their orange colour has been replaced by black. On their body, there is tiny orange.
FAQs Related to Percula Clownfish
The popular movie character named “Nemo” was a false percula clown and he could be easily distinguished by their thin black borders.
Yes! as we know these both are cousins and almost same. They could have the same tank mates and anemones. These might be breed together to form unique designer types. In captivity, only one pair of both could survive well as they are excellent partners. Keep in mind, not more than one set is placed.
No, at least ten-gallons aquarium is necessary for a single percula clownfish. And a pair is happily survived in a twenty-gallons tank.
Never, as mentioned above, it’s a worst tank mate for percula clownfish. They are aggressive and becomes more when get older.
Percula clownfish spawn when the water temperature is between 79- and 83-degrees Fahrenheit (26 and 28 degrees Celsius).
This is the best platform for you if you want to know everything about this well-known and attractive clownfish. The aquarium setup, water parameters, and equipment are easy to maintain and keep clean. It is compulsory to educate yourself first because feeding blackfinned clownfish is not an easy task. If you don’t know how much and how many times, they should be fed, it will cause health issues for your eastern clownfish. The choice of tank-mates should be done wisely thus, your true Percula clownfish will not become prey of any other fish or turn out to be aggressive to destroy the tank’s environment. As you keep your percula clownfish with care, they could live long as normally in captivity. Here, also mentioned some designer-types and color-morphs of Percula clownfish, so you could choose the colorful, attractive and stunning one for your tank.