types of goldfish

15 Amazing Types of Goldfish – The Complete Guide

There are many types of goldfish but most of us have seen just a common type of Goldfish. But believe it or not, there is a whole world of these beauties. All thank goes to the aquatics that crossbred this fish over around a thousand years.

Coming below is a list of different types of sensational Goldfish that can surely boost up the aesthetics of your aquarium. Let’s not wait anymore and get started with this amazing collection of Goldfish.

Goldfish Types

Common Goldfish (Carassius Auratus)

This common Goldfish originally came from Asia and more specifically China. Chinese cross-bred it millions of time to attain rare species of this wonderful creature. Common Goldfish is a close relative of koi, carp and other freshwater fishes.

It the most basic type of Goldfish that most of us have already seen. This Goldfish has elongated, streamlined bodies. Golden-orange and golden-yellow are the most common colors seen in this type. Sometimes, this type is also seen in white color.

 Embellished with silver scales gives it its characteristic shine and glamour. Common Goldfish has a single tail and this fish can grow up to 12-18 inches at maximum. Thus, the common Goldfish requires tons of space for their living.

Quite hardy this fish can easily endure changes in water conditions as well as can survive days without feed. Most commonly this fish is regarded as feeder fish for larger fish.

Comet Goldfish

The only fish originated in Washington, America, this amazing fish was named after a falling comet. Comet Goldfish has longer tail and fins as compared to common Goldfish. It has a slender body and has thinner fins, that are long and wavy.

Comet Goldfish is famous for its athletic nature and its speed. They are very entertaining and energetic. Hence, they require a lot of space to feel comfortable and playful. A group of these beauties can easily cheer anyone up within no time.

Comet Goldfish is available in a variety of colors including metallic red, orange, black, white and yellow. Most popular combinations are black and orange comet as well as a red and white comet. When seen a bunch of them in an aquarium seems like floating fairies.

Similarly, See our complete article on : Comet Goldfish: Types, Growth Rate, Lifespan, Care Guide, Breeding

Comet Goldfish origin and Care guide

Single-tail Goldfish

Single-tailed Goldfish is basically known because of their single-tail. They are close to common Goldfish in appearance. Single-tail Goldfish has a long and slender body. The tail is selectively bred to be long and wavy.

Single-tail Goldfish is available in a wide range of colors including vibrant orange-red, yellow and metallic black as well as pearlescent white. They are a close relative of Prussian carp. Their fins are thin and flowy.

Butterfly tail Goldfish

Based on the shape of their tail, Goldfish has another mesmerizing type called butterfly tail Goldfish. This fish got its name from its butterfly-shaped tail and fins. Moreover, its name doesn’t only imply to its tail shape whereas it has a splendid butterfly-like flight or swims as well.

Although, this fancy Goldfish is fairly recognizable from a distance but its origin is still under debate among fish breeders. Whatsoever, this fish is famous among fish hobbyists for its mesmerizing beauty and friendly nature.

Butterfly tail Goldfish can grow to almost 6-8 inches. They have an oval, chubby looking body with a widespread tail. Having a variety of colors including red, orange, white, yellow and black. Their fins and tail are thin and flowy.

When are you getting one of these beauties?

Fantail Goldfish

Quite obvious because of its tail, this fish is one of the most loved and most widely kept type all across the globe. Fantail Goldfish got its name from the shape of its caudal fin that is bifurcated and round around the edges. Its tail resembles the blades of the fan.

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Fantail Goldfish can be seen in one solid color or multiple colors together. It also includes the calico type. The ones seen in one solid color are commonly pitch red, orange or black. Furthermore, the multi-color type has orange, red, silver, gold and black color to itself.

This fancy Goldfish is an excellent pet for beginners, kids and all other fish lovers. As it adds beauty and glamour to your tank. Additionally, they are smart and entertaining. Brought up with love and care, these Goldfish can live up to 10 or 20 years, with a size reaching to almost 8 inches maximum.

Veil tail Goldfish

Veil tail Goldfish is fancy, unique, delicate and marvellous. They have magnificently long fins that constitute almost three-fifths of their body. Due to these exceptionally tall fins veil tail Goldfish is quite slow-moving. They are one of the hardest species to breed.

When such a breathtaking beauty swims around the aquarium, it really makes everyone spellbound. Veil tail Goldfish has a wide range of colors including solid metallic red, gold, silver and black. While when it comes to variegated colors there is a long list of them.

 This Goldfish is not that much hardy as ordinary Goldfish; thus, it requires care and protection. Their bodies can grow up to 8 inches in size adding their tail length it makes up to 12 inches. Flowing veil tails seems as gorgeous as a large waving flag.

Shubunkin Goldfish

This Goldfish variety is famous for its coloration, this pattern of colors is known as a calico pattern. This pattern is a wonderful mix of blue, white, red, orange and black. Shubunkin Goldfish with its captivating beauty is none less than the queen of your aquarium.

They have two main types London shubunkin and bristol shubunkin. Bristol is larger and has more round-shaped fins than the London one. Its blue-silver color reflects throw its upper black and white skin giving it a sensational appearance. It has transparent scales.

Shubunkin Goldfish is One of the most popular fish for aquariums and outside ponds. this fish has out-standing speed and athletic nature. There is a whole world of its sub-types but they are quite rare to find.

Pearlscale Goldfish

This beautiful puffy fish with diamond-shaped pearls arranged all along its body is called pearlscale Goldfish. They are round and chubby like a golfball or better called a ping-pong ball. The best breed of this fancy Goldfish has scales arranged in perfect rows. These pearls are impregnated with calcium carbonate, hence they appear hard and dome-shaped.

Pearlscale Goldfish is seen in every color imaginable. The most commonly seen are red, orange and calico. They have pointed small mouths that are deprived of scales and is the most prominent feature of these fish. Pearlscale Goldfish are usually embellished with one or two bubble crowns over their head. These crowns add to their beauty and elegance.

They have small rounded fins; the caudal fin is forked in the middle and gives it a wavy appearance. Pearlscale Goldfish is quite hardy and can survive in a pond as well. These fish can grow up to 6-8 inches in size. Their magnificent display of colors and shining pearlescent beauty is remarkable.

Wakin Goldfish

Wakin Goldfish is one of the most popular breeds in Japan. It originally came from East Asia and disappeared after some times. But fish breeders helped it to return. It closely resembles comet Goldfish as well as koi fish.

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Wakin Goldfish is the best choice for Goldfish ponds; as they are big, eat a lot and grow tremendously. They can reach a maximum of 12 inches in no time. As their growth rate is extremely fast so their appetite is also enormous. Wakin Goldfish is pretty hardy fish and can live up to 10-20 years.

Wakins have elongated bodies and their most noticeable feature is paired caudal fins. Rest of their fins are small and round on the edges except the caudal fins; that is long and pointed. Wakins are mostly seen in a combination of red and white or sometimes in calico as well. A good breed has an equal balance of red and white color.

Wakins are fast swimmers so they require a lot of space and as per their body size, their speed is surprisingly great. They are peaceful and calm; they usually get along well with their companions. Wakin goldfish don’t enjoy the company of slow-swimming fish.

Pompom Goldfish

This fancy Goldfish is ready to cheer everyone up with its astonishing jiggly pompoms over its head. These cuties have elongated, outpouching nasal septum that resembles the pompoms. The pompoms are connected with the smell sensors, this quality helps them in detecting chemicals and approaching food or predators.

Pompom Goldfish is mostly available in chocolate and orange colors but other colors also exist. Moreover, they are also seen in calico and metallic colors. They have small rounded bodies and can reach up to 6-8 inches in length.

Pompoms are best suited for Goldfish ponds but can also live in aquariums. They are slow-moving and can’t survive temperature less than 50-55-degree Fahrenheit. Pompoms should be kept with orandas and bubble eye Goldfish. They have short round fins; except caudal fin that is pointed and fan-like.

Orandas Goldfish

One of the most favorite and most difficult breeds, orandas Goldfish is a unique and delicate fancy Goldfish type. They have a bright red colored hood over their head. This hood grows with the age, and the best breed has equal-sized lumps. This hood is difficult to obtain in breeding so some of these have larger hood approaching their gills and some of them don’t even have hoods at all.

Orandas Goldfish has variable colors some of them are solid metallic, multicoloured and calico. Most rare and highly ranked one has a deep red hood with the silver-coloured body. Some other colors seen are white, black, chocolate, red and blue. Orandas have long and flowy fins. The caudal fin is bifurcated in the middle and resemble the veiltail Goldfish.

Orandas Goldfish is quite difficult to breed as the male and female type is hard to differentiate. They are distinguishable during mating season. The males are smaller and slenderer as compared to female. Furthermore, by luck, if any breeder can, a good quality fry is almost impossible to produce. This difficulty in breeding is the main reason for their high demand.

Orandas are slow-moving and prefer living in an aquarium with other slow-moving fishes. Their spherical bodies delay their swim and make them lazy. They can’t stand lower water temperature.

Black moor Goldfish

The Blackmoor are one of the finest breeds of the Goldfish. They are entirely black and sometimes they have streaks of silver or golden color. Moreover, blackmoor is round in shape and pointed toward the mouth. They have protruding eyes that are placed on the edge of their sockets. Their eyes resemble those of telescope eye Goldfish.

Blackmoor has paired deeply forked caudal fins, making the fins look flowing and long. Black moors are quite sluggish because of their weight. The position of their eyes makes it difficult for them to see. Thus, it is difficult for them to find food.

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Try placing the black moors with rather slow-moving fish types so they don’t get suppressed. Moreover, keep an eye on their food intake so they don’t get missed out. These are without any doubt one of the best fish for beginners.

Telescope Eye Goldfish

Also known as globe eye Goldfish, this fancy Goldfish originally came from Europe and far east. They are easily recognizable because of their outpouching eyes. These eyes start developing around six months of age. Telescope eye Goldfish has eyes placed on the outermost edge of their mouth protuberance. These eyes reduce their vision and make them slow-moving and dull.

Telescope eyed Goldfish is seen in a variety of colors solid metallic (red, orange, blue and chocolate), combination (black and white or red and white) as well as calico. A good breed calico has a vibrant blue color background with a mix of brown, orange, red and yellow patches.

one of the best cross-breed is panda butterfly telescope. These globe eye Goldfish have paired fins excluding dorsal fin. The dorsal fin is erect and unpaired and it stands out while swimming.

Telescope eye Goldfish has restricted vision thus they struggle while looking for food. Moreover, this reduced vision makes them susceptible to injuries. They should be kept with other delicate and peaceful species.

Celestial Eye Goldfish

This fancy Goldfish is delicate and unique. Their most noticeable feature is their upward-facing eyes. Celestial Eye Goldfish is slow-moving as they have to face downward while swimming to see any approaching thing. They are hard to keep as they have delicate eyes that can get injured due to any plants or decorations around.

Moreover, while selecting their tank mates you should look for rather lazy and peaceful species. You should be careful regarding their diet as it is difficult for them to locate food. Furthermore, the aquarium should be free of any harmful objects.

The celestial eye Goldfish lacks the dorsal fin and the rest of their fins are long and wavy.  They have an elongated body and paired caudal fin. They are most commonly seen in orange or golden color. Celestial eye Goldfish has a rather unique sort of glow and shine to their scales.

Bubble eye Goldfish

This fancy Goldfish is a close relative of celestial eye Goldfish. Both have the same upward projecting eyes and elongated flowing body. The bubble eye Goldfish is different from celestial eye Goldfish as it has a pair of fluid-filled bubbles around their eyes. These bubbles make them delicate and fragile as well as unique and rare.

The high-quality breed has two equal-sized and equally placed bubbles. These bubbles are made of thin skin and thus need a lot of protection and care. Their tanks should not have any decorations or plants or aggressive companions. Furthermore, they should be exposed to less light as their eyes are open most of the time, thus they can get damaged.

Bubble Eye Goldfish has metallic solid colours. Sometimes, multicoloured and calico is also seen. They are delicate cannot tolerate water currents.


That was a complete list of different types of Goldfish. Most of the basic details were enlisted. This wonderful universe of goldfish is diverse and mesmerizing. Hope we helped you guys in choosing the best Goldfish for your home aquarium.

Tell us about the types of Goldfish you are planning to keep?

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